INFORMATION FOR PARENTS OF NEW ENTRANTS
Suggestions for parents to promote reading readiness.
Read to the child. When reading use opportunities to discuss the pictures that accompany the story. For example say; “This story is about an alligator. Can you find the alligator in the picture?”. (using picture clues).
Play “I Spy:. For example, describing a standard lamp say, “I spy with my little eye something that is tall , made of wood and had a shade on top. What is it?” (using context clues).
When reading or watching TV with your child, ask questions such as
“Do you know what a native is?” ( gaining word meaning).
“What did the little boy look like?” ( identifying details).
“What happened first?” next? Last? (identifying sequences).
“What do you think will happen next in this programme? (predicting).
“Would you like the girl in the story to be your friend, why? (identifying characterization).
Play the directions game. Begin by giving the child one simple direction, such as “Put your shoes in the press, please”. Continue by issuing more complex instructions, such as “put the blue block in the yellow basket”, and also two directions at once, such as “ put the book on the shelf and your toys in the box” (following directions).
When putting away dishes after washing explain how different items go together, for example spoons in one compartment, forks in another etc., (classifying).
When reading to your child, move your hand in a constant motion under the words as you read them. Show where you start and finish each line (left to right progression).
Require your child to work independently. Begin with one brief activity that you know the child can perform, such as taking the rubbish to the bin. Reward (praise) the child for doing the task alone and correctly. Extend this activity by asking the child to do increasingly more complex tasks properly. Your goad is for the child to complete a ten-minute activity correctly and independently (using individual work habits).
Take your child to the library and have him or her check out books that you can read together n a daily basis at home (getting to know books).
Doing trips and walks, help your child to recognize familiar advertising signs, such as STOP, SPEED LIMIT, SLOW, ICE-CREAM, etc.,
See if the child can find matching letters and words in magazines and newspapers, say” This is an S. can you find another letter just like it? (visual discrimination).
When tidying up show the child different items on a shelf or on the floor. Then put some of the thing saway and ask the child, “What’s missing? (visual memory).
Give the child a list of thing to remember at the shop. Start with one, and then have the child remember two three and so on. (auditory memory).
Provide the child with various craft activities such as colouring, painting, drawing etc., when he/she becomes proficient in these activities provide more advance ones such as letter tracing. (visual-motor skills).
Encourage your child to retell a story. When difficulty is encountered, refer to the pictures and ask appropriate questions. For example, if the child has trouble remembering while retelling “the Three Bears” you might as questions such as, “what is Goldilocks doing now?” while pointing to a picture of Goldilocks walking in the woods. Continue is this manner until the child has finished by telling the complete story. Some children will require ewer questions than others and so ask few questions as possible. (recalling information).
ADVICE ON LISTENING TO YOUR CHILDREN READ
Sit close to each other.
Keep the sessions short – 10 to 15 minutes.
Praise your children a lot – try not to criticize.
Read the story (or part of it) to them before you hear them read.
Talk about the pictures while your children read – this helps them to understand.
If children make mistakes or do not know a particular work let them,-
a. Guess by reading the rest of the sentence.
b. Guess by using the picture.
c. Guess by using the sound of the first letter.
If none of these work, quickly tell them the word- DON’T BE CROSS.
Please make reading time enjoyable.
Please don’t threaten to tell the teacher if things don’t go well.
Please don’t have the TV on at reading time.
ENCOURAGING READING AT HOME
(A) Listen to your children read.
(B) Ream them stories. Let children choose the stories themselves.
(C) Take your children to your local library. Choose yourself a book at the same time.
(D) Have books around the house.
(E) Buy good books for birthdays and Christmas – you can always ask us for suggestions and look at books around the school.
(F) Buying books is a good habit – it helps children to get used to books and to enjoy the.
READING IS THE KEY WHICH OPENS SO MANY DOORS.